形容詞の比較級・【ロシア語翻訳入門】

皆さん、こんにちは。
お元気でしょうか。
今日は素晴らしい天気です~^^
そちらはどうでしょうか?
ロシア語翻訳入門】担当のクンドゥズです。
今回は形容詞の比較級を復習しましょう。宜しくお願いします。


※ 形容詞の比較級 ※
物事の性質、状態を他のものと比較して表します。
ロシア語の比較級は、簡単な比較級と複雑な比較級の2種類があります。

1、簡単な比較級
次の接尾辞で形成します:
(1)語尾が -ЕЕ (-ЕЁ)に変わります。
удобный(便利な) ⇒ удобнее(もっと便利な)
красивый(美しい)⇒ красивее(もっと美しい)

(2)語尾が Еに変わります。
большой(大きい)⇒ больше(もっと大きい)
старший(年上の)⇒ старше(もっと年上の)

練習もしてみましょう。続きへどうぞ。。。
例:
・Этот фильм интереснее.
 (この映画はもっと面白い。)
・Эти сладости вкуснее, чем те.
 (このお菓子はあれより美味しい。)
・Это здание выше, чем то.
 (この建物はあれより高い。)

(注)簡単な比較級は数、性、格の変化がありません。

2、複雑な比較級
形容詞にБОЛЕЕ(より多い)を添えます。
形容詞が性・数・格・の変化をしてもБОЛЕЕは変化しません。

例:
・Более крупная рыба. (より大きい魚)
・Более крупный слон. (より大きい象)


※ 問題 ※
例にならって比較級にしましょう。

例:
Эта сумка стоит дорого.
⇒Эта сумка стоит дороже, чем та.

1、Эти туфли удобные.         ⇒?
2、Этот мужчина успешный.     ⇒?
3、Это море глубокое.         ⇒?
4、Эти дети послушные и умные. ⇒?
5、Этот журнал интересный.    ⇒?


※ 単語 ※
(形容詞)
1.удобный   :便利な
2.успешный  :成功した
3.глубокий  :深い
4.послушный :大人しい、聞き分けの良よい
  умный     :利口な
5.интересный:面白い





※ 正解 ※

1.Эти туфли удобные. ⇒Эти туфли
удобнее, чем те.

2.Этот мужчина успешный. ⇒Этот
мужчина успешнее, чем тот.

3.Это море глубокое. ⇒ Это море глубже,
чем то.

4.Эти дети послушные и умные. ⇒Эти
дети послушные и умнее, чем те.

5.Этот журнал интересный. ⇒Этот
журнал интереснее, чем тот.


※ ポイント ※
◎次のような変化をするものもあります。
語尾にある - ОК(-ЁК), -Кの文字がなくなります:

例: Низкий(低い)- ниже(より低い)

ここから詳しく読んでください。

これで以上です、
今日は【ロシア語翻訳入門】担当のクンドゥズでした。
また次回も宜しくお願い致します。
また、あうのを楽しみにしております。^^↓↓↓



回答と解説はこちらで
↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓







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